Middle East Studies
Goldschmidt, Arthur: A Concise History of the Middle East, 2005.
Anderson, Roy, Robert Seibert, Jon Wagner: Politics and Change in the Middle East, 2004.
The History of Islam, Past and Present
Hodgson, Marshall: The Venture of Islam, 1974.
Peters, F.E.: Muhammad and the Origins of Islam, 1994
Esposito, John L.: Islam: The Straight Path, 1988
Fishbane, Michael: Judaism, 1987.
Cohen, Abraham: Every Man’s Talmud,1975.
de Lange, Nicholas: An Introduction to Judaism, 2000.
Solomon, Norman: Judaism: A Very Short Introduction, 1996.
Eastern Orthodox Christianity
Kallistos, Bishop of Diokleia: The Orthodox Church,
Meyendorff, John: Byzantine Theology: historical trends & doctrinal themes,
Christianity in the Middle East
Dalrymple, William: From the holy mountain: a journey among the Christians of the Middle East, 1998.
Arab History and Language
Hourani, Albert: A History of the Arab Peoples, 2002.
Versteegh, Kees: The Arabic Language, 2001.
Scheindlin, Raymond P: A Short History of the Jewish People Oxford University Press, 2000.
Potok, Chaim: Wanderings. Ballantine Books, 1978.
Kugel: On Being a Jew 1990.
Findley, Carter: The Turks in World History, 2005.
Inalcik, Halil: The Ottoman Empire: The classical age 1300-1600, London, 1973.
Quataert, Donald: The Ottoman Empire, 1700-1922, New York, 2000.
Persian and Iranian History
Browne, Edward G: Preface of The Persian Revolution, edited by Abbas Amanat, pp. xi-xxi and 31-58, Washington, 1995.
Bill, James A: The Eagle and the Lion: The tragedy of American-Iranian relations, Binghamton, 1988.
Kurds in the Ottoman Empire
Özuglu, Hakan: Kurdish Notables and the Ottoman State: Evolving Identities, Competing Loyalties, and Shifting Boundaries, Albany, 2004.